Advances in orthopedic care:
Not long ago, a serious bone or joint problem meant major surgery was inevitable. But now, many joints can be repaired with minimally invasive arthroscopic techniques.In arthroscopic procedures, an orthopedic specialist makes incisions about the size of a buttonhole and inserts a tiny camera and pencil thin instruments into the joint. The camera transmits images to a monitor, which the surgeon uses to view the procedure. This remarkable technology allows the surgeon to repair tears and other joint problems without major surgery.
Many arthroscopic procedures do not require an overnight hospital stay. Patients return to the comforts of home sooner and generally experience less pain and faster healing.
Hip and knee replacement can help many people with debilitating joint pain return to active lives. Joints are formed at the ends of two or more bones connected by tissue called cartilage. Healthy cartilage provides a cushion for the bones, but when the cartilage is damaged or wears away, the bones can rub against each other, causing great pain. Joint replacement can reduce pain, restore movement to the joint, and improve the overall quality of a patient’s life.
When only a portion of the joint is damaged, a surgeon may be able to perform partial joint replacement. In other cases, a total joint replacement is required and involves inserting artificial joints, called implants. Joint replacement typically requires a few days in the hospital for recovery and rehabilitation.
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